Communist Butchers in Bulgaria (1944-1989)
- On November 10, 1989, Todor Zhivkov was forced to resign. The dictator’s successors, led by Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov, who was elected General Secretary, apparently harbored the hope that changes would be kept to the necessary minimum and the socialist system would be salvaged. But their plans collapsed when, after decades of docility and conformist compliance, Bulgarians took to the streets and demanded free elections and genuine democracy. Facing daily rallies animated by the radiant energy of politically awakened citizens, the ruling clique relented and in early January 1990 began negotiations with newly formed opposition parties. The road was open to Bulgaria’s democratic future.