The Ancient Law Code of Hammurabi
- â€śWhen Marduk sent me to rule over men, to give the protection of right to the land, I did right and righteousness in . . . , and brought about the well-being of the oppressed.â€ť Hammurabi was the first king of the Babylonian Empire, extending Babylonâ€™s control over Mesopotamia by winning a series of wars against neighboring kingdoms. Hammurabi is most remembered for his law code, including 282 laws regulating peopleâ€™s relationships in Mesopotamia.