How the British Sank the Turkish Navy
- The Turkish fleet suffered great losses during the war. In addition to the two dreadnaughts seized by the British government before the war, the Turkish Navy lost battleships with a total tonnage of 32,218 tons. These losses include Mecidiye, Yarhisar, Mesudiye, Barbaros, Gayret-i Vataniye, Yadigar-ı Millet and Midilli. Furthermore, 7,124 tons of support vessels were lost and 7 battleships of a a total tonnage of 26,309 tons were damaged.
In September 1917, Admiral Souchon returned to Germany and was replaced by Admiral Hubert von Rebeur-Paschwitz. The latter planned a raid to the islands of Imbros and Lemnos. This raid was a failure with Midilli sinking after hitting a mine and Yavuz hardly surviving serious damages and returning to the Dardanelles. This was one of the last operations of the Turkish fleet.
Turkey’s war was over with the armistice signed at the port of Mudros on Lemnos on 30 October 1918. On 3 November 1918, the Navy Commander Arif Paşa ordered all flags to be struck on all the battleships lying at the Golden Horn in Istanbul. When the ensign was lowered, the Imperial Ottoman Navy ceased to exist. During the last weeks of 1918, the battleships were disarmed in accordance with the terms of the armistice, as the Allied fleet was anchoring at the Bosphorus.